A small (and probably brief) cold front came through Houston today so we threw the wagon and the toddler in the car and headed to the zoo! The zoo is full of so many opportunities to increase speech and language development.

Disclaimer: I will already start by saying that I think any parent taking a young child to the zoo deserves a big gold star because it’s NOT easy! It’s a big place to take unpredictable little kids to and I completely get that. Not every outing is going to be “picture perfect learning opportunities”. So please keep that in mind when you read through the rest of this post! However, I have listed below some very basic tips to keep in mind.

“Self Talk” and “Parallel Talk” are two of my biggest language modeling techniques that I always explain to parents that I am working with. It’s important to keep in mind that your child is not required to respond or imitate anything that you are saying. These strategies simply give your child an opportunity to be exposed to language during play and daily routines.

Self Talk

Simply talk out loud about what you are doing and how you are feeling. Just as if you were narrating a movie. This gives your child a great model on how to communicate thoughts and emotions in different settings. This always feels “unnatural” but it’s truly the very best way to expose your child to everyday vocabulary. You want to keep your language short and simple, but don’t use “baby talk”. Examples that I found myself saying today before we even left for the zoo:

“I’m packing our bag for the zoo! What do I need to bring to the zoo? I need to get water. I am feeling thirsty. Ok I have water for mommy, daddy, and Aubrey! One, two, three waters. I’ll put them in my bag.”

“It’s time to go! We are all going to the zoo. Let’s get in the car. Daddy is driving to the zoo!”

“We are at the zoo! I need to get out the wagon. The wagon is heavy! Ok lets walk to the zoo. Daddy is going to buy our tickets. We need one, two, three tickets.”

Parallel Talk

Self talk is about talking through your own actions, parallel talk describes what your child is doing as they are doing it. This exposes them to vocabulary and language for the action, even if they are not actually talking. You are basically narrating someone/something besides yourself. The zoo is a GREAT place to do this!

“The giraffe is eating the leaves! He is pulling the leaves off the tree. He is using his teeth to eat the leaves!”

“That monkey is sleeping. Oh look! That monkey is swinging! There are two monkeys!”
“Oh stinky! That rhino smells bad!”

Adding to what your child has just said is a great way to teach correct structure and vocabulary. When a child is labeling something, instead of saying “yes that’s right!” try expanding the utterance by adding to it. Examples of this include:

Child says: “Monkey!”
Parent expansion: “That’s a BIG monkey” “Brown monkey!” “The monkey is sleeping!”

The zoo is full of so many opportunities to really expose your child to new adjectives when describing the animals. Try to talk about the colors, size, and if they have long or short fur… or no fur! My daughter COULD NOT BELIEVE this monkey had a blue face! So we talked about this poor guy for quite a while!

My daughter is a HUGE fan of any petting zoo. They always make me a little nervous that one of the kids are going to end up with a goat kicking them…. But that’s just me being a #helicopter mom. =)

There are so many ways to describe how the goats feel or what they are doing. Some were sleeping, some were eating, some were getting their hair brushed,… and some were running away from kids!

Here are some questions to keep in mind when describing what the animals look like:
What does the fur feel like?
Is the fur long or short?
Is the animal tall or short?
Does the animal have pointy horns?
Does the animal have feathers?

My belief is that if you “can’t beat it, join it” when it comes to technology. There are so many ways to use technology in a beneficial way. When we were at the zoo I made sure to take pictures of every animal we saw. This has been a great reviewing tool because now my daughter loves to sit and look at the pictures and review what we did that day. You can also use you tube (together of course) and look up videos of animals. The important part is to do this together so that you can continue to model great language eliciting strategies instead of having them watch it on their own.

I hope this was helpful and would love to hear if you end up taking your little one to the zoo!

If you are interested, check out this post covering 14 easy activities to promote speech and language skills! My daughter loved every single activity!

Dont forget to pin this for future reference! =)

6 Responses

  1. I always did self talk before my toddler was really verbal. I read that it was so helpful, and it those early stay at home mom days were lonely I needed someone to talk to! Great ideas the zoo is one of our favorite outings.

  2. Man, I talked to myself around my kids when they were babies practically non stop. My oldest son is autistic and has sensory processing issues and also had a speech delay due to inflamed adenoids. His speech took off after putting ear tubes in and taking his adenoids out when he was 4. He still gets speech therapy in Pre-K though. My youngest is 2 1/2 and talks as well as a 1st or 2nd grader… like full paragraphs! I’ve never heard another 2 year old talk as well as he does!

    -Mama from Mama Writes Reviews

  3. Great tips! I have a 4, 2, and 10 month old.
    What’s amazing is how much quicker my 2 year old became verbal because 3/4 year olds copy
    All mamas self talk CONSTANTLY. My
    2 year old was speaking full 6+ word sentences before 18 months. I have to remind myself she is only 2 because her speech and language is pretty much on par with the 4 year old. (And i had nothing to do with it! Hahahah)

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